The Abyssinian Crisis.

Our history teacher, Lenny, gave us an assignment.

We were given this video, to later answer the questions beneath it.

  1. WHAT WAS THE ITALIAN EMPIRE LIKE BY 1930?
  2. HOW DID SENATOR GIORGIO PISANO EXPLAIN ITALY’S ATTITUDE FOR CONQUEST?
  3. WHAT IS ABYSSINIA TODAY? WHAT WAS THE SITUATION BY 1930?
  4. WHAT EXCUSE DID MUSSOLINI HAVE TO CONQUER ABYSSINIA?
  5. WHAT WAS THE ROLE OF FRANCE AND GREAT BRITAIN IN ITALY’S INVASION?
  6. WHAT EVIDENCE DOES MUSSOLINI’S DAUGHTER PROVIDE?
  7. WHAT DID YOUNG SOLDIERS BELIEVE WAS THEIR DUTY TOWARDS ITALY?
  8. WHAT WAS CONTROVERSIAL ABOUT THE USE OF POISON GAS BY THE ITALIANS?
  9. WHAT DID THE LEAGUE DECIDE TO DO? HOW EFFECTIVE WERE THOSE MEASURES?
  10. HOW DID ORDINARY PEOPLE REACTO TO SANCTIONS?

These are my answers:
1. The Italian Empire was insignificant in comparison with the British and French Empire. They had Libya, but oil hadn’t been discovered by then. They also controlled Eritrea and Somalia.
2. He said that Italy should control Ethiopia. His argument was that England had done exactly the same thing, they conquered half the world. He thought that Italy had the same rights as Britain, to control of that land around the world.
3. In the 1930s, Abyssinia or Ethiopia was poor, undeveloped and it practiced slavery. In the present, Abyssinia is a independent country, known as the Republic of Ethiopia.
4. Mussolini wasn’t only in search of raw material, which he needed, but also he needed mines and land, because Italian population was growing. They needed to find a place in which Italians could live.
5. On the on hand France said that she approved Italy’s invasion to Abyssinia. The English on the other hand, opposed, she would do something about it if Italy invaded Ethiopia, but certainly not go to war.
6. She says that when she asked ordinary people about what they thought on Italy invading, they said that they didn’t even know were Abyssinia was. When she asked the prime minister, he said that they would certainly not go to war, but they would do something about it.
7. Soldiers parents and grandparents, unified Italy, so they thought that their duty was to make it great.
8. Some years before the invasion, Italy had declared that chemical warfare was uncivilised. The use of gas bombs in Ethiopia was hidden from the public until after the war.
9.

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