Read Passage A carefully and then answer the questions.
First fill in the gaps with the correct tense and then answer the questions.
The Sleeping Giant
A new and extreme tourist attraction has just exploded on to the scene in
Iceland: Volcano Walking. It would appear, according to Trip Advisor, that
this is one trip that cannot be missed, despite the extortionate cost.
The idea of making Thrihnukagigur volcano accessible was the brainchild
of Ami B. Stefansson, a doctor in Reykjavik and a lifelong cave enthusiast.
He has been studying caves in Iceland since 1954 and some would argue
that there is no-one who has more experience. Thrihnukagigur has always
been special to Stefansson ever since he was the first to descend down to
the crater base in 1974. Like most people who experience it, he was utterly
spellbound by its uniqueness and beauty and made it his mission to
protect and preserve this stunning natural phenomenon. Unlike others
who may have only seen the profit that could be made from walking into
the mouth of a volcano, Stefansson believed that the primary focus was
to treat such a grand natural wonder with the utmost respect, to protect
and defend it. The first ‘volcano tourists’ entered the volcano in 2005 and
it has since been labelled as one of the most unique tourist attractions in
Volcano walkers are taken to the mouth of the crater from where they
are lowered in a basket into the depths of the earth. People once thought
that volcanoes were portals to Hell and associated with death and destruction
and yet the entrance to the crater is awe-inspiring and almost
ethereal. The vastness of it can feel overwhelming; it is the size of a cathedral
and the Statue of Liberty could easily fit into the shaft. After 6
minutes and 120 metres, visitors arrive at the crater base. The ground
space is the size of three full-sized basketball courts placed next to each.
Practice Paper: Text A (pt2)
At the bottom there is a reverent hush. People whisper in respect to the
sleeping giant who has lain dormant for 4,000 years. The subterranean
walls are scorched with colours from a divine palette: magenta red, vibrant
purple, burnt orange, vivid green and honey yellow. The colour intensifies
in certain places where 4000 years ago the magma was pushed
out with brutal force. This is Mother Nature’s secret place, her private art
studio where visitors feel like trespassers. The protruding rock faces show
a tapestry of patterns and formations that have been moulded by heat,
pressure and time. Floodlights illuminate the walls and draw attention to
the beauty humans were never intended to see. A light rain weeps from
the porous rock above and covers the crater sides with a shine that makes
it sparkle. The scorch marks can be seen close up – at one point in time
these rock faces were glowing red with fiery heat. This giant, although
sleeping, is still dangerous: an 80-metre drop into the void is disguised by
a collection of rocks close to where visitors stand.
It is a soul-enriching experience and visitors often report feeling deeply
moved by the beauty and tranquillity of something that was once so destructive
and angry. Confronted with this result of the unrestrained forces
of nature, it is hard not to feel small and powerless in comparison. Sadly,
the magical spell is broken when the ebasket appears, indicating that it is
time for visitors to return to reality. On the return hike, visitors walk
across the lava fields as though they are astronauts on the moon. They
pass enormous open wounds where the landscape is literally tearing itself
apart as tectonic plates slowly shift. It serves as one final reminder that
this giant is merely dormant, not dead.
Re-read the descriptions of:
(a) The volcano in paragraph 3, beginning, “Volcano
depths of the earth.
mouth of the crater.
(b) The crater in paragraph 4 , beginning, “At the
scorched with colors
a tapestry of patterns
Mother Nature’s secret place
Select four powerful words or phrases from each paragraph.
Your choices should include imagery. Explain
how each word or phrase selected is used effectively
Write about 100 to 150 words
Explain the meaning of the words in bold. Use synonyms to explain them.
The word mouth of the crater is terrifying and it makes us feel as if they are going to be eaten by the volcano. Depths of the earth makes emphasis on the idea of the size of the volcano. Awe-inspiring is a reaction that is the opposite of the death and destruction mentioned in the previous sentence. The volcano, instead of being terrifying, provokes a response of wonder. Almost ethereal suggests it is heaven-like and spiritual. Scorched with colors sounds like an artistic technique but also refers to the heat that the crater has endured during the volcano eruption. Mother Nature’s Secret Place, nature is personified here and this image suggests that she hides here. The image alludes to the crater being private/secret/a retreat and very special. Tapestry of patterns and formations continues the ‘art’ theme and suggests that there is great skill involved in creating such amazing work.
Finish these sentences in an appropriate way.
If I hadn’t visited Mary last week, I wouldn’t have bought ice cream.
If I could help Sue, she would pass her driving test.
You need to study more if you want to go for that trip on December.
Why don’t you go to the doctor if you are feeling bad?
Suppose you had the chance of moving abroad, where would you go?
Jack can lend you the money as long as you give it back to him before the end of the month.
I wish I was taller. I would love to work as a model.
I wish you stopped smoking. It’s bad for your health.
Compare the two main characters of More than just the disease and Face. What do they have in common? Write a paragraph (90-100 words)Include at least one conditional sentence and one compound adjective. Include at least three of the following terms:
grope for – overcast- to prune- to scold- nosy- sip- to shiver- to hum- to quiver- reluctant- to coax- gloomy- to gleam- scorching hot- rusty- to scratch.
Neil, from More than just the disease and Martin Turner, from Face have something in common, this being their physical appearance and how it made them feel. To start with, both had the need to scratch their body, Neil because of the disease and Martin because of the consequences of the accident, by which his skin itched. Also, they both were reluctant at first to continue with a normal lives, because they felt different from the rest. Lastly, Neil and Martin Turner were coaxed to do something they didn’t wish to do.