Analysing Romantic poems

This class we analysed the elements of romantic poems that we have already read. I did it with Francisco Lusso and Jeronimo Leguizamon.


Element-Poem The Clod and the Pebble Passion She was a Phantom of Delight.
Escapism Yes. “Then the sky spoke to me in language clear” She escapes from realism, she spoke to the sky and the nature because she is sad.
Nature Yes. “Trodden with the cattle’s feet”. Cattle means bovine animals and it’s is probably in the countryside. Yes “This your nature is” She is in love  with nature and she is nature.
Hellenism Yes. “And builds a Heaven in Hell’s despair”. The Clod believed she lived in a world of happiness, love, innocence, generous. Yes “ heartbreak” She loves someone but he didn’t love her. He is in love with the woman.
Imagination Yes “ Then I saw visible substances inmortal” She imagines that the sky is giving an answer to her. He is exaggerating  perfection of this woman.
Supernaturalism Yes. “So sung a little Clod of Clay”. This is supernaturalistic as Clod’s don’t sing.   Yes Not every day you can find a perfect woman.
Subjectivity Yes. “Love seeketh only self to please”. Each rock gives their opinion.


She was a Phantom of Delight by William Wordsworth

29th of September:


Birth-Death? 1770- 1850.

Influence on the writer? Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Godwin

Who is the poem for? For his wife.

Read the poem and check the meaning of new words.

Gleamed: a flash or beam of light

Ornament: an object, piece, or feature intended to add beauty to the appearance of something;

Dusky: somewhat dark;

Startle: to disturb suddenly as by surprise:

Elements of Romantic poetry:

Subjectivity: Feelings, sentimental poem’s, giving a true picture of society, misfortunes, troubles and confusions.

Hellenism: Hellenism implies love, commitment and unmistakable fascination in the antiquated society, values and individuals of Greek. Romantic poets loved Hellenism a great deal in their poetry. They loved to explore the ancient culture of Greek in their poetry. John Keats’ poetry is loaded with various allusions to the art, literature and culture of Greek. Ode on a Grecian Urn is a perfect example in this regard. The pictures engraved on the Grecian Urn show Keats’s love the Greek ideals, culture and art.

Supernaturalism: Romanticism was a revival of mediaevalism. The romantic is extraordinarily alive to the wonder, mystery and beauty of the universe. The unseen world is more real for him than the world of the senses. Romantic poetry is mystical and is removed from the everyday experiences of life.

Imagination: The romantic poets laid emphasis on imagination and emotion.

Nature:Zest for the beauties of the external world characterizes all romantic poetry. Romantic poetry carries us away from the suffocating atmosphere of cities into the fresh and invigorating company of the out of door world. All poets were lovers of nature and looked at the beautiful aspects of nature. To them, nature was a friend, a lover, a mother, sister and a teacher. To Wordsworth, nature was both mother and sister. He spiritualizes nature, Shelley intellectualizes nature and Keats is content to observe nature through his senses.

Escapism: is another striking characteristic of romantic poetry. Escapism is a term, which implies a writer’s failure to face the agonies of real life and take shelter somewhere else instead of fighting against the odds. Escapism is the main theme of romantic poetry. Escaping reality.

“Of White Hairs and Cricket” By Rohinton Mistry

Today we started analysing a new story.

First we read about the writer.

  • Indian born Canadian.
  • Born: 1952
  • He writes post-colonial literature
  • He has a degree in: maths, economics, English, philosophy.
  • He was a Parsi origin. He explores the daily life of Indian parsis.
  • He writes in English, the language of the colonizers (the oppressor)
  • He was been awarded many book prizes.



Post-colonial literature: Literature written in a country after their independence. This influences the story in many ways.   

Parsi: People from ancient Persia and follower of the religion of Zoroaster, who currently lives in India. The main components of Zoroastrianism and the Parsi community is the concept of purity and pollution, initiation, daily prayers, temple worship, marriage, funerals, and general worship. They are found in India, Pakistan and Pakistan.  They reached escaping from the Muslims.

Diaspora: is a scattered population with a common origin in a smaller geographic locale. Diaspora can also refer to the movement of the population from its original homeland.


In Pairs.

  • Why is it a story of coming of age(rite of passage)?
  • Themes? Tone?
  • Point of view?
  • Identify the following moments.

Setting: post-colonial India, low class family.

Element of instability(triggering event): the narrator lives the world literally, he can’t see things metaphorically.

Conflict: he has to obey his father. He has to do as his father says!

Specular moment: he saw Viraf’s father reflecting his father in the future.

Climax (2 epiphany moments): when he leaves Viraf’s house literally but he metaphorically leaves his childhood behind and he realises that the white hair means that his father is getting old. And his father can’t play cricket any more because he is growing old.

Resolution: He realizes that the feeling of being with his father is more important than a disgusting job.




  1. As the story is a flashback the narrator wants to emphasize how people are immortal and how this provokes suffer when you realize it and when people leave your life.
  2. Theme: rebellion, rite of passage, acceptance, passing of time and lose of innocence.
  3. Tone: melancholic, happy, sad and nostalgic.
  4. 1st person. All the story is a flashback.

Friday 4th of August.


  1. Explore this story as a story of coming of age (rite of passage). Especially focus on: unawareness to awareness.
  2. The boy has to come to terms with the passing of time and the loss involved. Focus: cricket matches and the boy’s dad.
  3. Later in the story, the boy starts to mature and changes his perspective of life. Focus on: infinitude vs finitude and fantasy vs reality.
  4. Explore the specular moment and the 2 epiphanies the boy has.
  5. Explore the significance of the title.

Answers (I did it with Jeronimo Leguizamon)

  1. The boy didn’t want to do the horrible job of plucking out his fathers white hair, but when he realized that his father was getting older and near to dying, he felt pleased and happy to do it every Sunday.
  2. When his father was younger, they used to play cricket matches, but now that he is in pain and doesn’t have so much energy as he had before, he can’t go to play cricket in the weekend as he did before. As regards the loss is the loss of innocence.
  3.  The specular moment is when he sees Viraf’s father sick, and he can see his own father like Viraf’s when he was younger. The epiphanies from the boy were that everyone grow6tgv s old and eventually die, this is related with his that.
  4. This title has got two parts. Of white hairs, is connected with the future, and being old. Cricket is connected to the past, being young. By this you can predict a rite of passage.

Rite of passage, there are five steps that must be completed to be a rite of passage, if they are incomplete there is not rite of passage.

  1. An unattainable object of desire.
  2. Trespassing (the father, figure authority)
  3. A dare (a challenge).
  4. Understand the mischief. To accept responsibility.
  5. Apologizing.


“Lover’s Infinitness” John Donne

John Donne (1572-1631)
What kind of poet was he?
Metaphysical poet
Main topics
All (11 times)
Love (7 times)
Thy: your
Thee: you
Doth: does
Thou: you

Speaker: man
Addressee: woman
A man is talking to his beloved.

Check: lyrical I
(post in blog about lyrical i)
You don’t the gender it could be he /she/ it.

Hyperbaton: alteration of the logical order of the words in a sentence or in which normally associated words are separated.
It’s used for emphasis.

3 stanzas.
11 lines each.
Regular poem
Metaphysical poem.
Poem in 1st person.
Don’t confuse writer and voice.

1) summarize the stanza in your own words.
1-  The speakers says that if he doesn’t have her love yet, he will never do. He doesn’t want to suffer anymore for her love.
2 & 3) Love is a transaction.

4) Love is all for the voice.

He accepts that he will never have her love.

Stanza 2:

1) The stanza says that the man received little from his lover, and he knew that her had more so he asks her to give him all of it or nothing.

2) He was not the only one. Competition.  (Threads)

3) offer to pay a higher price for something than (another person). Others offer more than him.

4) He was the owner of her heart so he is the owner of everything there.

5) Nature.


“The Prison” Summary

OUr literature teacher gave us an assignment which was to summarize the story.

Tony Castelli he was almost 30 years old and he had to set up, he was an American with Italian parents, who came to America In the 1920’s after the 1st World War.  At the age of 29 he married Rosa who changed his name to Tommy to sound more American, her father and his arranged to marry, then he tried to leave to Texas but he failed and got back (he was doomed). Rosa’s father gave Tommy a job in a candy store. His life was a screaming bore he felt in a mental prison. One day he saw a nine year old girl stealing candies, he saw himself reflected on the girl (Epiphanic moment). He feels guilty because he thinks that the girl when she grows up she will be like him, a robber. So one day he decided to say to the girl that stealing is bad, but he backed down. Then he kept on thinking but he never acted. Once he put pennies and candies and the girl took the candy. Then he understood that she was a little girl who only wanted sweets. Then he decided to put a letter in one of the chocolate bars, saying that she should stop stealing because it would come back one day to her and he signed the letter as “your friend”. But the girl didn’t show up during his shift. But when it was Rosa’s shift, and the girl came and stole one chocolate bar, Rosa found out, she grabbed the girl by the neck and shook her while she was punishing her. Tommy with the noise came down. He beat Rosa and asked her why was she hitting the girl, she answered and Tommy said he gave her the chocolate.